On cluster properties of classical ferromagnets in an external magnetic field

Thursday, 17 December, 2015

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Correlation functions of ferromagnetic spin systems satisfying a Lee-Yang property are studied. It is shown that, for classical systems in a non-vanishing uniform external magnetic field h, the connected correlation functions decay exponentially in the distances between the spins, i.e., the inverse correlation length ("mass gap"), m(h), is strictly positive. Our proof is very short and transparent and is valid for complex values of the external magnetic field h, provided that \text{Re} \, h \not= 0. It implies a mean-field lower bound on m(h), as h \searrow 0, first established by Lebowitz and Penrose for the Ising model. Our arguments also apply to some quantum spin systems.


Jürg Fröhlich
Pierre-François Rodriguez