# Calculation of the year - Solution

### 20 Mar 2019

This is the solution to the monthly maths problem from RTSdécouverte

Calculation of the year

**The sum of the digits of the number 102019 – 2019 is 18,160. **

The number is too big simply to be “worked out” on a calculator. To get the solution, recall that 102019 is a 1 followed by 2019 zeroes.

A quick calculation (with or with calculator) shows that 10,000 – 2019 = 7,981. Further calculations give

100,000 – 2019 = 97,981, 1,000,000 – 2019 = 997,981, 10,000,000 – 2019 = 9,997,981

Indeed the number 102019 – 2019 is of the form 999…9997,981 where the number of 9’s at the beginning is 2019 - 4 = 2015. Hence, the digits are 7,9,8,1 and an additional 2015 instances of 9 on the front.

Thus, Sum of digits = **(2015 x 9) + 7 + 9 + 8 + 1 = 18,160. **

You can read the original problem here: Calculation of the year