# Black hole bulk-cone singularities

Matthew Dodelson, Cristoforo Iossa, Robin Karlsson, Alexandru Lupsasca, Alexander Zhiboedov

Matthew Dodelson, Cristoforo Iossa, Robin Karlsson, Alexandru Lupsasca, Alexander Zhiboedov

**23/10/23**Published in : arXiv:2310.15236

Lorentzian correlators of local operators exhibit surprising singularities in theories with gravity duals. These are associated with null geodesics in an emergent bulk geometry. We analyze singularities of the thermal response function dual to propagation of waves on the AdS Schwarzschild black hole background. We derive the analytic form of the leading singularity dual to a bulk geodesic that winds around the black hole. Remarkably, it exhibits a boundary group velocity larger than the speed of light, whose dual is the angular velocity of null geodesics at the photon sphere. The strength of this singularity is controlled by the classical Lyapunov exponent associated with the instability of nearly bound photon orbits. In this sense, the bulk-cone singularity can be identified as the universal feature that encodes the ubiquitous black hole photon sphere in a dual holographic CFT. To perform the computation analytically, we express the two-point correlator as an infinite sum over Regge poles, and then evaluate this sum using WKB methods. We also compute the smeared correlator numerically, which in particular allows us to check and support our analytic predictions. We comment on the resolution of black hole bulk-cone singularities by stringy and gravitational effects into black hole bulk-cone "bumps". We conclude that these bumps are robust, and could serve as a target for simulations of black hole-like geometries in table-top experiments.