# The appearance of particle tracks in detectors

Miguel Ballesteros, Tristan Benoist, Martin Fraas, Jürg Fröhlich

Miguel Ballesteros, Tristan Benoist, Martin Fraas, Jürg Fröhlich

**1/7/20**Published in : arXiv:2007.00785

The phenomenon that a quantum particle propagating in a detector, such as a Wilson cloud chamber, leaves a track close to a classical trajectory is analyzed. We introduce an idealized quantum-mechanical model of a charged particle that is periodically illuminated by pulses of laser light resulting in repeated indirect measurements of the approximate position of the particle. For this model we present a mathematically rigorous analysis of the appearance of particle tracks, assuming that the Hamiltonian of the particle is quadratic in the position- and momentum operators, as for a freely moving particle or a harmonic oscillator.